“Kosmet” is short for “Kosovo and Metohija”, a land which has been long disputed by the Serbian and Albanian Kosovans. After the war, unleashed by Slobodan Milošević in 1999, the UN intervention allowed for a gradual return of the Albanians, who in their turn enacted a ferocious revenge against the Serbs, despite the presence of peace-keeping forces. For over a decade, Albanians forced about 200,000 Serbs to flee Kosmet and seek refuge in safer areas. The Albanians also desecrated hundreds of graveyards and orthodox monasteries; a serious insult for the Serbs, who consider these lands to be sacred because of their historic religious significance.
Due to the ongoing violence and the lack of security, Serbs now represent less than 20% of the population of Kosmet. Most of them reside in the neighbourhood of Mitrovica located to the north of the Ibar River. The opposite shore, accessible across a bridge which divides rather than unites, is inhabited by Albanians. Elsewhere in Kosmet, Serbs are confined to small enclaves; extremely poor villages on the outskirts of towns, or little hamlets perched on mountainsides, with no water or electricity, no clinics, no schools. Even their freedom of movement is limited: venturing outside their “ghettos” means exposing themselves to reprisals; in some areas, when night falls, even leaving one’s home is dangerous.
During my journey through Kosmet, I visited some of these enclaves, meeting the Serbs and hearing their stories of violence and misery. I could perceive the hatred which divides them from the Albanians, a hatred that continues to be fuelled and handed down from one generation to the next, so that a peaceful solution to this dreadful coexistence becomes ever more difficult to reach.
My work seeks to tell the stories of these people’s lives, people who are rooted to their land, as are the božur – the local name for peonies – the flowers of Kosmet, scarlet in colour, just like the blood that has been spilt in this never-ending war.
Emanuele Occhipinti is an Italian freelance documentary photographer based in Brighton (UK).
The Flowers of Kosmet was presented during Slideluck Prato.
a. What program was used to create the multimedia?
To create this slideshow I used Final Cut Pro X.
b. How and why did you choose that sound/music?
I think that the choice of music is a very important detail in creating a good slideshow. Being able to find a piece of music that is a suitable fit for the story being told, can help the viewer to enter mood and atmosphere of the whole story.
In my case I spent hours and hours going through different online databases, listening hundreds of music clips and sound effects, until I found what I was looking for.
c. Tell us about the editing process when you think of a multimedia.
What I find compelling when producing a multimedia piece, is the opportunity to combine different elements in order to transmit the right message to the viewer. Being able to find the right balance between images, music and words is fundamental when telling the story. The combination of visual and audio adds depth to the whole work, and that is exactly what I have tried to do with this project.